Sayyidina Imam Jafar as Sadiq rah

Veröffentlicht: 28. Januar 2013 in Uncategorized

Hadhrat Imaam Abu Haneefa (رحمه الله) stated that he had never met a Faqeeh greater than Imaam Ja’far Ibn Muhammed (رحمه الله). [Tadhkira Vol.1 Pg. 146]

Since all Fuqahaa are considered to be the siblings of Hadhrat Imaam Abu Haneefa (رحمه الله) in the field of Fiqh, the above accolade is certainly noteworthy.

Imaam Ja’far (رحمه الله) studied under the following eminent scholars:

1. His father, Imaam Baaqir (رحمه الله) [passed away in 114 A.H].
2. Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubair رحمه الله
3. Hadhrat Imaam Ataa رحمه الله
4. Imaam Naafi رحمه الله

The following were some of the prominent scholars who narrated Ahadeeth from him:

1. Imaam Maalik رحمه الله
2. Hadhrat Sufyaan Thowri رحمه الله
3. Hadhrat Sufyaan bin Uyayna رحمه الله
4. Hadhrat Imaam Abu Haneefa رحمه الله

The above proves that Imaam Ja’far (رحمه الله) did not hold any beliefs that were contrary to those of the above scholars.

The Hadith master Ibn Shahin al-Hanbali رحمه الله (d. 385) said: „Two righteous men have been tried because of evil people: Ja’far ibn Muhammad and Ahmad ibn Hanbal.“ [1]

Similarly Ibn al-Salah رحمه الله (d. 643) said: „Two Imams have been afflicted because of their followers although they are innocent of them: Ahmad ibn Hanbal was tried with the anthropomorphists (al-mujassima), and Ja’far al-Sadiq with the (Shi’a) Rejectionists (al-Rafida).“ [2]

Ja’far al-Sadiq رحمه الله intensely detested the Rafida Shia, whom he knew to object to his ancestor Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and his successor Umar رضي الله عنه.

Ibn Uyayna رحمه الله and Ibn Abi ‚Umar al-‚Adami رحمه الله narrated from Ja’far رحمه الله, from his father رحمه الله: „In the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), the Family of Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) were called the family of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم).“

When Mu’awiyah ibn Hudayj رحمه الله mentioned that his neighbour claimed Imam Ja’far رحمه الله said he repudiated Abu Bakr and ‚Umar (رضي الله عنهما), Imam Ja’far رحمه الله retorted: „May Allah repudiate your neighbour! By Allah, I hope that my parentage with Abu Bakr benefits me.“

In another narration he says: „What man curses his own grandfather? May the intercession of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) not include me if I do not consider Abu Bakr and ‚Umar (رضي الله عنهما) my leaders! I repudiate whoever repudiates them!“

Al-Dhahabi رحمه الله stated that the latter statement is mutawatir from Ja’far رحمه الله, then invoked curses upon anyone who claimed that Imam Ja’far رحمه الله spoke such words hypocritically or meant otherwise.

In another narration he said: „Whoever claims that I am infallable and that obedience is due to me, I repudiate them; I also repudiate whoever claims that I repudiate Abu Bakr and ‚Umar (رضي الله عنهما).“

In yet another narration he said to a questioner about Abu Bakr and ‚Umar (رضي الله عنهما): „You are asking about two men who tasted from the fruits of Paradise.“

Imaam Ja’far (رحمه الله) also made the following statement about Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه): “You are ‘Siddeeq’ (Most truthful). If a person does not regard you as ‘Siddeeq’, Allaah should not make him realise any of his ambitions in this world and in the Hereafter.“ [Kashful Ghumma Pg.220]

Maslama ibn Jaf’ar al-Ahmasi رحمه الله asked Imam Ja’far رحمه الله: „Is is true you hold that whoever speaks a triple Divorce in ignorance is held to have divorced only once?“ He replied: „This is not our position! Rather, whoever speaks a triple divorce, it is as he said.“

Among the forgeries which Shia attribute to Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq رحمه الله is his supposed condoning of temporary marriage (mut’ah). Al-Bayhaqi cites Ja’far as calling mut’ah „pure fornication“ (‚ayn al-zina). [3]


1 – Narrated by Ibn ‚Asakir in Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari (p. 164-165)
2 – Cited by Ibn al-Subki in his Qa’ida fil-Jarh wal-Ta’dil (p. 43), cf. his Tabaqat al-Shaf’iyya al-Kubra (2:17)
3 – Cited by Ibn Hajar, Fath (9:173) and al-Shawkani, Nayl al-Awtar (6:271)
See The Four Imams and Their Schools: Dr. Gibril Haddad

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